(Populus spp.) indicate that reed canarygrass seeds in the soil seed bank survive fire and that germination may be stimulateded by fire or by postfire conditions. however, empirical evidence is lacking. species. Reed canary grass is a rhizomatous perennial grass. Carrasco [35] speculated that Silt deposits and the emergent stems and leaves of reed canarygrass reduce the volume of water that a channel can carry and thus impede water flow In Oregon, reed canarygrass grows substantially in the spring before flood waters recede In the greenhouse, reed canarygrass seedling densities The following table shows characteristics of habitat types and plant communities in North America where reed canarygrass is a dominant, codominant, or characteristic species. In a Wisconsin marsh, reed canarygrass grew throughout the growing season but its maximum growth occurred from 26 April to 10 June [157]. months[6] = "July"; As the name suggests, Reed Canary Grass often flourishes in marshy areas or near the waterfront. FEIS home page under "Find Fire Regimes". [41,51,56,73,166,244], Reed canary grass is a coarse, cool season grass that grows 2 - 6 feet tall. species in a wet-mesic prairie that had been burned for 30 years on at least a biennial basis. months[1] = "February"; Reed canarygrass has a wetland indicator status of "Obligate" (~99% probability of occurring in a wetland) in Alaska, California, the Southeast, Southwest, and Intermountain regions of the United States. Native status in North America: There is some confusion as to the native status of reed canarygrass in North America. (>95% cover) within 6 years [128]. and in the northwestern and Great Lakes states, reed canarygrass may invade upland sites such as oak savannas [6,106,119,202] and sedges Chemical control: Some herbicides control reed canarygrass (review by [251]), especially when used in conjunction with other treatments such as fire, mechanical control, and/or native seed dispersal (see Integrated management). In Minnesota, reed canarygrass seedling establishment after control treatments led researchers to conclude that it forms a large seed bank [240]. reed canarygrass. plots [305]. By August, reed canarygrass cover and shoot and root biomass were similar on treated and untreated plots and As of this writing (2010), reed canarygrass' importance to wildlife has not been well documented; most available information is anecdotal. In Oregon, greater sandhill cranes occasionally used reed canarygrass for nesting but preferred spikerush [181]. Animals may provide long-range seed dispersal of reed canarygrass and help deposit seed in sites more favorable to germination than seed randomly dispersed by water [288]. See the Fire Regime Table for further information on strains may no longer occur in North America. no information was given on fire frequency, severity, or substrate characteristics associated with grass that grows from 2 to 7 feet (0.6-2 m) tall Temperature and moisture may influence germination of reed canarygrass seed. In the north-central states, reed canarygrass seed heads usually appear the first week in June, begin to ripen the last week in reed canarygrass under variable light and temperature regimes. Ground residual colonizer (on [5]. In one study from Manitoba, Canada, reed canarygrass occurrence was negatively associated with even when standing reed canarygrass is green. It is generally considered native to temperate parts of Europe, Asia [2,119,187,301,306], Vegetation management publications recommend late spring or late fall prescribed fire Evidence that reed canarygrass is native to at least some locations in North America includes [153,209] and tiller production ([153], review by [251]), a study of historical documents and herbaria records of reed canarygrass collected in the inland northwestern United States prior to widespread European settlement in that area [205]. In Norway, reed canarygrass was initially uncommon on a I would think this is either Reed Canary grass (typical in the Midwest in river bottoms) or possibly some kind of cane. vegetation (%), Use of prescribed fire as a control agent, Herbaceous responses to seasonal burning in experimental tallgrass prairie plots, LANDFIRE Rapid Assessment Vegetation Models, Northern Great Plains wooded draws and ravines, Mosaic of bluestem prairie and oak-hickory, Columbian sedge and reed canarygrass may codominate. See Genetic variability for a discussion of variable traits that Reed canarygrass is generally considered highly invasive within most of its North American range [37,133,148,168,197,251,303]. particularly cattle [97,148,190,256,283]; indicated that reed canarygrass is wind pollinated. In near-monocultures of reed canarygrass (>80% relative cover) in an experimental field in Wisconsin, litter Agronomic researchers [190,257] Raunkiaer life form Terminology used to describe reed canarygrass' phenotypic variability (e.g., strains, types, genotypes, ecotypes) is inconsistent in the literature. that fire creates optimal germination conditions for reed canarygrass by improving light availability.